Footnote [4] of J. Schummer: "Ethics of Chemical Synthesis", HYLE, 7 (2001), p. 103-124.

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[4]  E.g., French (responsabilité répondre), Italian (responsabilità rispondere), Spanish (responsabilitad responder), Portuguese (responsabilidade responder), Romanian (responsabilitate a răspunde), German (Verantwortung antworten), Dutch (verantwoordelijkheid antwoorden), Danish (ansvar svare), Swedish (ansvar svara), Norwegian (ansvar svare), Polish (odpowiedzialność odpoviadać), Czech (odpovĕdnost odpovĕdĕt), Serbo-Croat (odgovórnōost odgovòriti), Bulgarian (отговорност отговарям), Russian (ответственность отвечать), Latvian (atbildîba atbildçt), Estonian (vastutus vastama), Finnish (vastuu vastata), Ungarian (felelõsség felel), Albanian (përgjegjësi përgjegjem). In Turkish, sorum (responsibility) derives from sorulmak (being asked) and thus refers to the same context from another perspective. Only in Greek, the term for responsibility, ευϑύνη, has different origins and connotations; it also means blame, burden, and charge and goes back to old Greek ευ and ϑύω, which combines to making well a burnt offering as a penance. Strangely enough, most philosophers have ignored the meaning of responsible in the sense of answerable. For two counter-examples see E. Bodenheimer, Philosophy of Responsibility, Fred & Rothman, Littleton, 1980, pp. 5-8; J.R. Lucas, Responsibility, Clarendon, Oxford, 1995, pp. 5-12. Both authors relate the English term responsible etymologically to Latin respondere and to instituions in Roman law. However, it is not sure if the meaning in other European languages can so easily be related to Roman law; the more as there is no Latin term for responsibility in this sense.

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